Who are Endocrinologists?

Endocrinologists are doctors who specialize in glands that make hormones. They deal with metabolism, or all the biochemical processes that make your body work, including how your body changes food into energy and how it grows.

They may treat adults or kids.

Why an Endocrinologist?


Endocrinologists are licensed internal medicine doctors who have passed an additional certification exam.

After their MBBS and MD in Medicine they get trained for an additional 3 years specifically in Endocrinology (DM). (Super specialists)

The whole process usually takes at least 12 years.

What is the difference between diabetologist and Endocrinologist?

Diabetologists are specialists who provide treatment to the patients with only diabetes while endocrinologists provide treatment for the problem related to endocrinology as a whole in the patient’s body. Diabetes is one of the many disorders in Endocrinology and hence Endocrinologists  also offer treatment to diabetic patients. Since an endocrinologist is trained with other hormones and has extensive training and qualification they provide better holistic and comprehensive treatment. 

“ All Endocrinologist are definitely diabetologist but not vice versa”

What do Endocrinologists Do?

They diagnose and treat myriad conditions that affect your:

  • Thyroid, a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck that controls your metabolism, energy, and brain growth and development Disorders: Hypothyroidism/hyperthyroidism
  • Obesity 
  • Reproductive glands (gonads): ovaries in women, testes in men, Disorders: PCOS/hypogonadism
  • Adrenals, glands that sit on top of your kidneys and help to control things like your blood pressuremetabolismstress response, and sex hormones. Disorders: Cushing’s syndrome and adrenal insufficiency
  • Bone metabolism, like osteoporosis, rickets etc
  • Cholesterol related issues
  • Hypothalamus, the part of your brain that controls body temperature, hunger, and thirst
  • Parathyroids, small glands in your neck that control the calcium in your blood
  • Pituitary, a pea-sized gland at the base of your brain that keeps your hormones balanced

Pituitary tumours, puberty and growth-related issues

What should my ABC levels be?

The levels you should aim for will depend on how severe your diabetes is, how old you are, and what other health problems you have. Ask your doctor what your target levels should be.

Many people with diabetes aim for:

  • A1C levels below 7 percent
  • Blood pressure below 140/90, or lower in some cases
  • LDL cholesterol level below 100 (LDL is one type of cholesterol, often called the “bad cholesterol”)